What haloperidol lactate was the Second Wave Feminist Movement – DailyHistory.org

Today, feminism is an ideology/theory that most people fail to understand fully. Feminism has been described as having three separate waves. The first wave feminist movement started in the mid-19th century and culminated with the women’s suffrage movement. 2nd wave feminism started in the late 1950s moved into haloperidol lactate the 1980s. Finally, third wave feminism is bit more nebulous and less defined. It essentially started with the anita hill hearings before the haloperidol lactate senate judiciary hearings for supreme court nominee clarence thomas and haloperidol lactate "the riot grrl groups in the music scene of the haloperidol lactate early 1990s." kimberle crenshaw and judith butler were the intellectual theorists who haloperidol lactate helped ground the movement and incorporate intersectionality and embrace transgender haloperidol lactate rights. [1]

Historians and feminist/gender scholars describe today’s feminist theory, ideology, and social/political movement as the third wave of feminism. The ‘’second wave’’ of feminism started after the women were forced out of haloperidol lactate the workplace after the end of world war two and haloperidol lactate essentially ended with the failure to ratify the equal rights haloperidol lactate amendment. Second-wave feminism splintered after criticism grew that the movement had haloperidol lactate focused on white women to the exclusion of everyone else.

The women’s movement before the 1920s was characterized by the suffrage haloperidol lactate movement that led to women gaining the right to vote. From the 1890s and early part of the 20th century, much of the women’s movement focused on general societal inequalities and, such as poor working and housing conditions, while also focusing on social ills such as alcoholism and haloperidol lactate prostitution. Black women in the southwest of the united states, during the 1930s, for instance, joined labor unions such as the international ladies’ garment workers’ union (ILGWU) to protest poor wages and work environments they had to haloperidol lactate endure. [2] apart from this general social activism and gaining the right haloperidol lactate to vote, gender-specific topics, including equality in work and pay, were not major focus areas.

In the 1940s, women gained increasing employment as men left overseas to fight haloperidol lactate in world war II. It was world war II that can be argued as haloperidol lactate the primary trigger for the second wave feminist movement that haloperidol lactate occurred after the war. During the war years, the labor unions that had grown in the 1930s became haloperidol lactate even stronger as women became increasingly employed, particularly in manufacturing jobs required to support the war effort.

During the 1940s, new work benefits became available to women, including maternity leave, daycare, and counseling. These benefits developed more substantially in europe, as many countries there were devastated by war, where much of the male population was reduced. [3]

Nevertheless, in the united states, women’s participation in the labor force in world war II haloperidol lactate created a feeling among many women, after the war ended, that they also deserved the same types of rights as haloperidol lactate men in jobs they filled. This was highlighted by the fact that many men who haloperidol lactate came back and retook their old jobs from women who haloperidol lactate were doing them during the war also were given higher haloperidol lactate salaries, further highlighting this inequality. [4]

In the 1950s, the economy began to expand, and the height of the red scare or anti-communist sentiment began to diminish feminist organization. [5] however, by the early late 1950s and 1960s, as prolonged prosperity took hold, there was greater interest to explore new ideas and movements haloperidol lactate emerged, including the civil rights movement, that began to question establish social constructs such as segregation haloperidol lactate and inequality in the workplace. By the early 1960s, the social atmosphere began to be conducive for a major haloperidol lactate feminist movement. [6] goals and ideology that shaped the 2nd wave of feminist haloperidol lactate movement

After world war II, some writers began to question how women in society were haloperidol lactate perceived and the role they played, particularly as the war had shown women made valuable contributions haloperidol lactate and in many cases performed tasks equally to me. In 1949, simone de beauvoir published the second sex, a groundbreaking book that questioned how society viewed women and haloperidol lactate the role in which they played. In her work, beauvoir writes, “one is not born, but rather becomes, a woman.” this quote represents how society fosters the idea of what haloperidol lactate a woman should do and act, where gender roles are learned and forced upon women. [7] where world war II showed that women could break out haloperidol lactate of their gender roles as was required; the book questioned then why should women’s roles that saw them as secondary to men in haloperidol lactate the workplace and home be perpetuated when this was not haloperidol lactate the case during the war.

After some time, the movement gained greater traction through more authors in the haloperidol lactate 1960s. Betty friedan was perhaps one of the most influential writers haloperidol lactate at this time. After surveying her classmates, friedan noticed that many of her classmates were unhappy in haloperidol lactate their marriages where their lives revolved around childcare and housework. This realization prompted her to write the feminine mystique in haloperidol lactate 1963 where she questioned white, middle-class ideals of family life and motherhood. She focused mainly on domestic life because she believed it haloperidol lactate had stifled women and their aspirations.

In her book, friedan includes interviews with women who were unhappy in their haloperidol lactate home life, debunking the ideals of the 1950s that often showed a haloperidol lactate happy family with men at work and women focused on haloperidol lactate housework. The book fundamentally questioned if the 1950s ideals were in haloperidol lactate the best interest of women. [8]

The book and politics in the 1960s led to some haloperidol lactate initial victories for the emerging second wave women’s movement. These successes include the establishment of the national organization for haloperidol lactate women, where friedan joined the organization, and the first great legislative victory, which was the passage of the equal pay act of haloperidol lactate 1963. This made it law for women to have an equal haloperidol lactate right to equal pay for the same jobs that men haloperidol lactate did. It made it now possible for women to now not haloperidol lactate be prevented from joining the labor force due to depressed haloperidol lactate wages. [9]

Other changes, including the introduction of the contraceptive pill and the introduction haloperidol lactate of abortion in europe, began to have political ramifications. The pill, on the one hand, allowed women to delay childbirth and establish careers in many haloperidol lactate cases. Abortion also gave women greater choices about rearing children. [10]

In 1969, katy millett wrote sexual politics and wrote about the patriarchal haloperidol lactate structure of society that controls sex, sexual expression, and ultimately politics and the narrative of political discourse. Sex and gender oppression are common because of political discourse haloperidol lactate found in society. Millets argued that before any other type of oppression existed, elite men first oppressed people based on sex and gender, extending later to race and class. [11]

In the 1970s, the second wave feminist movement expanded and continued to gain haloperidol lactate momentum. Carol hanisch published an essay in 1970 titled "the personal is political.” hanisch argued that everything was political, including the division of household labor, gender roles, and other day-to-day activities. If a woman decided to have an abortion and get haloperidol lactate a job as a woman in a male-dominated industry, then that decision has political consequences and became politicized in haloperidol lactate society. Women had to bring their private, household problems into the public sphere because issues were politicized haloperidol lactate and had consequence far outside of an individual. [12] one movement or two?

Increasingly in the 1960s and 1970s, second-wave feminism diverged into two separate ideological movements: equal rights feminism and radical feminism. Within equal-rights feminism, the objective sought equality with men in political and social haloperidol lactate spheres, where legislation and laws such as legalization of abortion and haloperidol lactate efforts to make women more established on the workforce equal haloperidol lactate to men were the primary goals. [13]

Radical feminism, on the other hand, wanted much more radical change to the society that fundamentally haloperidol lactate saw it as patriarchal and needed to be altered if haloperidol lactate women were to escape its oppression. [14] there were age and racial differences within the wider feminist haloperidol lactate movements at the time. The equal-rights feminists were largely white, older in age, and most came from affluent backgrounds. Radical feminists were made up younger white, affluent women, and minority women of all ages who were active in haloperidol lactate the civil rights movement as well. [15] minorities

Women of color found themselves underrepresented in both the racial haloperidol lactate and gender movements that were simultaneously fighting for greater equality. While black, latina/chicana, asian, and native american women were active in feminist agendas at haloperidol lactate the time, there were tensions within the broader feminists movements because a haloperidol lactate large percentage of the leaders were white and the agenda haloperidol lactate had some stark racial contrasts. Some non-white feminists criticized the wider feminist movement for failing to haloperidol lactate be equal in the movement’s representation and incorporating racial and other issues. [16]

Across the united states, minority women began the fight against racial and gender oppression haloperidol lactate by creating their organizations. Some had already existed due to greater women participation in haloperidol lactate the workforce during the 1940s, such as the national council of negro women. Other organizations developed during the 1960s and 1970s, including the third world women’s alliance. The third women’s world alliance worked to expose the relation between race, sex, sexuality, gender, and class oppression. [17] such views by minority women proved to be influential in haloperidol lactate the ‘’third wave’’ of feminism that emerged later in the 1970s and into haloperidol lactate today, as feminist movements now incorporate broader racial and social inequality haloperidol lactate issues.

The ‘’second wave’’ feminist movement proved to be a major social transition for haloperidol lactate western countries and the united states from the 1960s and haloperidol lactate later. Major social change, such as women’s participation in the labor force, and increased prosperity forced a major social awareness movement that haloperidol lactate questioned the roles of gender in society. Major works of literature began to question perceived traditional gender haloperidol lactate roles and exposed social problems created by such roles on haloperidol lactate women. Two movements emerged within the broader second wave feminist movement, which were the more mainstream and radical elements of feminism. While one worked to change society from within, using legislation and social pressure, the other, radical movement questions fundamentally if society’s hierarchical and patriarchal nature were the main problem. Both these movements made major contributions, however, through their influence on society in general, where today many things we take for granted, such as women in the workforce, only became increasingly acceptable after the 1960s.

Today, a woman delaying raising a family is not often questioned haloperidol lactate by society for such a choice, but this was not the norm in the pre-1960s US and parts of europe. Later, the merger of racial and other social inequality was seen haloperidol lactate as part of broader social struggles in society. Ultimately, the second wave feminist movement gave women the opportunity to haloperidol lactate start conversations about how social inequality and begin to think haloperidol lactate about gender, identity, sexuality, race, and class as all equally important factors. The so-called third wave, focused more on gay/lesbian and racial issues, but it can be argued that it was informed by haloperidol lactate the second wave rhetoric that had emerged late in the haloperidol lactate 1970s as race and broader social inequality issues emerged.