Testosterone — What It Does And Doesn’t Do – Harvard Health haloperidol overdose

Testosterone’s role in bad behavior is largely a myth. What’s more, testosterone plays other important roles in health and disease that haloperidol overdose may surprise you. For example, did you know that testosterone is a key player in haloperidol overdose prostate cancer? Or, that women need testosterone, too? There’s more to testosterone than guys behaving badly. Testosterone’s role

Signals sent from the brain to the pituitary gland at haloperidol overdose the base of the brain control the production of testosterone haloperidol overdose in men. The pituitary gland then relays signals to the testes to haloperidol overdose produce testosterone. A "feedback loop" closely regulates the amount of hormone in the blood. When testosterone levels rise too high, the brain sends signals to the pituitary to reduce production.

If you thought testosterone was only important in men, you’d be mistaken. Testosterone is produced in the ovaries and adrenal gland. It’s one of several androgens (male sex hormones) in females. These hormones are thought to have important effects on:

The proper balance between testosterone (along with other androgens) and estrogen is important for the ovaries to work normally. While the specifics are uncertain, it’s possible that androgens also play an important role in haloperidol overdose normal brain function (including mood, sex drive and cognitive function). Did you know?

Having too much naturally-occurring testosterone is not a common problem among men. That may surprise you given what people might consider obvious haloperidol overdose evidence of testosterone excess: road rage, fighting among fathers at little league games and sexual promiscuity.

Part of this may be due to the difficulty defining haloperidol overdose "normal" testosterone levels and "normal" behavior. Blood levels of testosterone vary dramatically over time and even haloperidol overdose during the course of a day. In addition, what may seem like a symptom of testosterone excess (see below) may actually be unrelated to this hormone.

The ovaries of women with PCOS contain multiple cysts. Symptoms include irregular periods, reduced fertility, excess or coarse hair on the face, extremities, trunk and pubic area, male-pattern baldness, darkened, thick skin, weight gain, depression and anxiety. One treatment available for many of these problems is spironolactone, a diuretic (water pill) that blocks the action of male sex hormones.

In recent years, researchers (and pharmaceutical companies) have focused on the effects of testosterone deficiency, especially among men. In fact, as men age, testosterone levels drop very gradually, about 1% to 2% each year — unlike the relatively rapid drop in estrogen that causes menopause. The testes produces less testosterone, there are fewer signals from the pituitary telling the testes haloperidol overdose to make testosterone, and a protein (called sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) increases with age. All of this reduces the active (free) form of testosterone in the body. More than a third of men over age 45 may haloperidol overdose have reduced levels of testosterone than might be considered normal haloperidol overdose (though, as mentioned, defining optimal levels of testosterone is tricky and somewhat controversial).

Some men who have a testosterone deficiency have symptoms or haloperidol overdose conditions related to their low testosterone that will improve when haloperidol overdose they take testosterone replacement. For example, a man with osteoporosis and low testosterone can increase bone haloperidol overdose strength and reduce his fracture risk with testosterone replacement.

As surprising as it may be, women can also be bothered by symptoms of testosterone deficiency. For example, disease in the pituitary gland may lead to reduced testosterone haloperidol overdose production from the adrenal glands disease. They may experience low libido, reduced bone strength, poor concentration or depression. Did you know?

There are times when low testosterone is not such a haloperidol overdose bad thing. The most common example is probably prostate cancer. Testosterone may stimulate the prostate gland and prostate cancer to haloperidol overdose grow. That’s why medications that lower testosterone levels (for example, leuprolide) and castration are common treatments for men with prostate cancer. Men taking testosterone replacement must be carefully monitored for prostate haloperidol overdose cancer. Although testosterone may make prostate cancer grow, it is not clear that testosterone treatment actually causes cancer.

Genetic diseases, such as klinefelter syndrome (in which a man has an extra x-chromosome) and hemochromatosis (in which an abnormal gene causes excessive iron to accumulate haloperidol overdose throughout the body, including the pituitary gland) can also affect testosterone.

Women may have a testosterone deficiency due to diseases of haloperidol overdose the pituitary, hypothalamus or adrenal glands, in addition to removal of the ovaries. Estrogen therapy increases sex hormone binding globulin and, like aging men, this reduces the amount of free, active testosterone in the body. Testosterone therapy

Currently, testosterone therapy is approved primarily for the treatment of delayed haloperidol overdose male puberty, low production of testosterone (whether due to failure of the testes, pituitary or hypothalamus function) and certain inoperable female breast cancers.

However, many men with normal testosterone levels have similar symptoms so haloperidol overdose a direct connection between testosterone levels and symptoms is not haloperidol overdose always clear. As a result, there is some controversy about which men should be treated haloperidol overdose with supplemental testosterone.

Testosterone therapy may make sense for women who have low haloperidol overdose testosterone levels and symptoms that might be due to testosterone haloperidol overdose deficiency. (it’s not clear if low levels without symptoms are meaningful; treatment risks may outweigh benefits.) however, the wisdom and effectiveness of testosterone treatment to improve sexual haloperidol overdose function or cognitive function among postmenopausal women is unclear.

People with normal testosterone levels are sometimes treated with testosterone haloperidol overdose at the recommendation of their doctors or they obtain the haloperidol overdose medication on their own. Some have recommended it as a "remedy" for aging. For example, a study from harvard medical school in 2003 found that haloperidol overdose even among men who started out with normal testosterone results haloperidol overdose noted loss of fat, increased muscle mass, better mood, and less anxiety when receiving testosterone therapy. Similar observations have been noted among women. However, the risks and side effects of taking testosterone when the haloperidol overdose body is already making enough still discourages widespread use. The bottom line

Checking testosterone levels is as easy as having a blood haloperidol overdose test. The difficult part is interpreting the result. Levels vary over the course of the day. A single low level may be meaningless in the absence haloperidol overdose of symptoms, especially if it was normal at another time. We need more research to know when to measure testosterone, how best to respond to the results and when it’s worthwhile to accept the risks of treatment.