Hydropower projects ruining lives in the Himalayas The Third PoleThe Third haldol decanoate 100 mg Pole

The floods in assam and bihar and the cloudburst in haldol decanoate 100 mg chamoli district of uttarakhand have all once again underlined the haldol decanoate 100 mg risk of developing hydropower in the himalayas. On top of that, over the last few years increasing evidence has emerged that haldol decanoate 100 mg hydropower production may not be as clean and green as haldol decanoate 100 mg claimed. While most of this research has highlighted that the cascade haldol decanoate 100 mg of hydropower projects stops the free flow of rivers, the issues of environmental hazards and risks that accompany the haldol decanoate 100 mg construction of hydropower have not been highlighted enough.

The hidden cost of hydropower: environmental hazards and risks of tunnelling, excavation and construction in run of the river hydropower projects haldol decanoate 100 mg in himachal pradesh, a recent report compiled by himdhara, an environment research and action collective, addresses this gap.

The report is a compilation of some primary and secondary haldol decanoate 100 mg evidences of the impacts triggered by construction of tunnels and haldol decanoate 100 mg other underground components for hydropower projects in the state. First and foremost, it is clear that building hydropower projects in the himalayas haldol decanoate 100 mg is a due to the existing geological and ecological vulnerability haldol decanoate 100 mg of the mountain range itself.

For instance, 97.42% of the total geographical area of himachal pradesh is prone haldol decanoate 100 mg to landslides, according to the geological survey of india. A landslide hazard risk assessment study published by the himachal haldol decanoate 100 mg government’s own disaster management cell found that a huge number haldol decanoate 100 mg of hydropower stations are under threat of landslide hazard risk haldol decanoate 100 mg and at least 10 mega hydropower stations are located in haldol decanoate 100 mg medium and high-risk landslide areas.

A research study released in 2018 by the institute of haldol decanoate 100 mg earth and environmental science in germany concluded that one in haldol decanoate 100 mg four hydropower projects in the himalayan region are at risk haldol decanoate 100 mg from landslides triggered by earthquakes and tremors. The report cites examples to illustrate how risks of accidents haldol decanoate 100 mg around hydropower project sites are higher due to climate change haldol decanoate 100 mg related disasters like flash floods and cloudbursts.

Second, the himdhara report explains that the underground component of the haldol decanoate 100 mg civil work in hydropower projects is quite substantial, involving blasting and dynamiting which exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and unleash haldol decanoate 100 mg impacts that are yet to be adequately studied and understood. Underground construction includes a headrace tunnel large enough to allow haldol decanoate 100 mg the passage of heavy vehicles, a tailrace tunnel, a surge shaft like a deep well, a powerhouse, transformer hall, desilting chambers and adit tunnels to provide access for the haldol decanoate 100 mg construction of the main tunnel.

To make its points, the report provides visuals from project sites in kinnaur, kullu and chamba falling in the satluj, beas and ravi river basins respectively. Case studies like that of the parbati II, karcham wangtoo, kashang and bajoli holi projects illustrate how these impacts have haldol decanoate 100 mg made difficult the lives and livelihoods of the people in haldol decanoate 100 mg the project area. Glaring loopholes in the planning, impact assessment and regulatory mechanisms are seen in each of haldol decanoate 100 mg the cases presented.

Most important, the report says that existing studies available on these impacts haldol decanoate 100 mg are inadequate or biased in favour of the hydropower producers, with economics as the main concern. For instance, environment impact assessment reports of hydropower projects have detailed sections haldol decanoate 100 mg on the geological and seismic vulnerability of the project sites, but these seem to be glossed over with an explanation haldol decanoate 100 mg that the “hurdles”, “surprises” and “incompetencies” of mountain geology would be handled and mitigated at a haldol decanoate 100 mg later stage, if and when they occur. Absence of baseline data makes it difficult to establish scientific haldol decanoate 100 mg linkages between tunnel construction and damage to houses, but at the time of impact assessment studies there is haldol decanoate 100 mg a rush to complete the studies to get speedy clearances.

The costs of these “surprises” are externalised and borne by the affected people or the haldol decanoate 100 mg public exchequer to a large extent. Reports of the comptroller auditor general provide ample evidence of haldol decanoate 100 mg this. The costs that producers have been forced to bear have haldol decanoate 100 mg led to financial losses and bad loans and cumulatively a haldol decanoate 100 mg slump in the hydropower sector over the last few years. While revenues have been falling at the state level, at the national level the contribution of hydropower sector to haldol decanoate 100 mg the country’s total electricity production has halved from 25% to 13% in the last decade. While vagaries of the energy sector are partly responsible for haldol decanoate 100 mg the depleting demand and rising cost of hydropower, these local factors are also playing a role.

The himdhara report identifies the institutional failures of the central haldol decanoate 100 mg water commission and the central electricity authority that are supposed haldol decanoate 100 mg to assess the detailed project reports, give techno-economic clearances and monitor the progress and reasons for delay haldol decanoate 100 mg in projects. It finds that the environment ministry has granted environment and haldol decanoate 100 mg forest clearances overlooking these impacts and non-compliances. It also finds that the himachal directorate of energy and haldol decanoate 100 mg state disaster management authority have failed to fulfil their regulatory haldol decanoate 100 mg roles to ensure that there is no negligence.

Apart from the lack of governance, there is a major policy failure that led to the haldol decanoate 100 mg recommendation by india’s parliamentary standing committee on energy that all hydroelectricity projects haldol decanoate 100 mg above 25 MW would also be considered as “renewable”, and thus eligible for further subsidies. This would mean that more costs are transferred to the haldol decanoate 100 mg ecology and affected people.

The need of the hour is a pause on hydropower haldol decanoate 100 mg in the himalayas in order to stop further devastation. There needs to be a complete stop to subsidies to haldol decanoate 100 mg the hydropower sector based on the ‘green’ tagging. The ‘renewable’ tag for hydropower needs to go.

An independent scientific review or assessment of the immediate or haldol decanoate 100 mg long-term implications of construction work for hydropower development especially in haldol decanoate 100 mg the himalayas should be commissioned. A revision of terms of reference of impact assessment studies haldol decanoate 100 mg should be done on the basis of this.

There should be an independent inquiry or audit of the haldol decanoate 100 mg social, environmental and safety norms compliance of all under-construction and operational projects, specifically projects where accidents have already been reported. Himachal needs an independent dam safety cell that will have haldol decanoate 100 mg members from all concerned departments. India needs a dam safety law.

In the case of hydel projects of himalayas, almost all of them, except probably the BBMP (which is termed as a multipurpose project), are for hydel power generation. As of 2019 (or even in 2010) the need for hydel generation (from either the perspective of costs , or operational requirements) has almost completely disappeared, except for the greed of our leaders to make private haldol decanoate 100 mg profit.

All rivers, at the least the himalayan and sub-himalayan rivers, need not be dammed; for, almost all of them are for electricity generation only. The technological advancement of renewable energy sources has brought us haldol decanoate 100 mg to a stage where we can generate all of our haldol decanoate 100 mg essential electricity without any of the conventional power projects, including hydel power projects. So, there should be no hesitation for a movement to demand haldol decanoate 100 mg cancellation of all dam proposals, including those which are under construction. The sunk cost of any of such ‘under construction dam’ will look like pittance as compared to the overall cost haldol decanoate 100 mg to the society, if they are completed. There should also be much less hesitation to demand early haldol decanoate 100 mg decommissioning of almost all of such hydel dams anywhere in haldol decanoate 100 mg the country. Very many dams are being decommissioned in US and europe haldol decanoate 100 mg (dr. Bharat jhunjhunwala has written even a book on this topic).

The advocacy on the green nature of hydro electricity is haldol decanoate 100 mg a misnomer from many dimensions; certainly from the context of methane gas production due to haldol decanoate 100 mg the submerged vegetation in tropical dams. Methane gas (CH4) is acknowledged as 20 to 80 times more potent as haldol decanoate 100 mg compared to CO2.

The so called authorities in karnataka are now fashioning the haldol decanoate 100 mg transfer of large mass of water from hydel dams in haldol decanoate 100 mg the western ghats of karnataka to bengaluru city over 400 haldol decanoate 100 mg km and against an elevation of more than 400 meters haldol decanoate 100 mg with the additional demand of many hundreds of MW of haldol decanoate 100 mg power to pump water. They have started a flimsy argument that whereas water for haldol decanoate 100 mg drinking is essential, the loss of electricity from such hydel dams can be haldol decanoate 100 mg made up by so many other technologies. So, it may not be far fetched that similar argument may haldol decanoate 100 mg appear at the national level to stop generating electricity from haldol decanoate 100 mg these hydel dams, only to transfer it to parched and ill-managed cities. So, where is the sanctity in accepting hydel dams?

Hence, the scenario should be clear, at least as far as hydel dams are concerned in haldol decanoate 100 mg our country. I fully endorse the view that our unified, consistent and loud voice should be to seek “no dam” and “decommissioning of hydel dams at the minimum”, at the earliest.

It is eminently feasible to credibly argue that india does haldol decanoate 100 mg not require any additional hydel projects (even some of the older ones can be considered for haldol decanoate 100 mg decommissioning). So, why the hesitation to ask for ‘no dams policy’? Since independence, many kinds of arguments are being offered to prevent dams. Since none of them have had any sort of impact, why should we assume that only a particular argument now, that too a compromised stand, of ours will be effective? Why shall we not seek a paradigm shift in the haldol decanoate 100 mg country’s development direction? Why should we look to accept a ‘less than the best option’ available to us? Is this not what the govt. Is trying to achieve? Why should we allow the bureaucrats to play games with haldol decanoate 100 mg the civil society, only to get their own way; may be in a slightly different format?

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