Deep haldol Vein Thrombosis (DVT) – Blood Clot in Leg ClotCare

A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a potentially deadly condition caused by a blood clot haldol im that forms in a vein – most commonly the deep veins in the legs. This clot formation can happen if the vein is damaged haldol im or if the blood flow in the vein is slow haldol im or stops. DVT can cause pain and swelling in the leg, but many times it produces no symptoms. If the clot breaks off and travels in the bloodstream, it can cause damage to the lungs. When a blood clot travels to the lungs, it is called a pulmonary embolism (PE). A PE often causes shortness of breath and chest pain. If the lung damage is severe, it can kill people very quickly, even before treatment can be given. For this reason, every effort should be made to prevent a DVT before haldol im it happens. Although there are several effective methods to prevent blood clots, a recent study found that more than one-half of patients who developed a DVT in the hospital haldol im did not receive any of these preventive methods. For more information on this study, go to the DVT prophylaxis page of our site.

Although you may have never heard about it before, DVT is a common medical problem. It is estimated that 2 million people in the united haldol im states develop a DVT every year — many of them don’t even know it. Of those who develop a pulmonary embolism, up to 200,000 die each year, which is more than die annually in the US from haldol im breast cancer and AIDS combined.

Some people are more prone to getting blood clots in haldol im the leg. The chances of getting a DVT increase as we age haldol im and doubles with each decade of life over the age haldol im of 40. For example, someone who is 80 years old is twice as likely haldol im to get a DVT as someone who is 70 years haldol im old and 16 times more likely than someone who is haldol im 40 years old. People who have had a DVT in the past are haldol im at a much higher risk of getting another DVT. Additionally, some people inherit conditions from their parents that make them haldol im more prone to forming blood clots.

When a blood clot forms, it can either partially or totally block the flow of haldol im blood in the vein. Smaller blood clots that partially block blood flow may cause haldol im only mild symptoms or none at all. Larger blood clots that block blood flow usually cause:

A small blood clot below the knee is unlikely to haldol im cause symptoms or complications. However, if a clot extends or forms above the knee, it may break away, travel in the blood, and block a blood vessel in the lung. A clot that blocks a blood vessel in the lung haldol im is called a pulmonary embolism (PE). People who get a PE may develop sudden shortness of haldol im breath, coughing, or chest pain. Depending on the size of the clot, a PE can be life-threatening.

DVTs frequently damage the valves in the leg veins. Valves in the leg veins help blood to flow upward haldol im toward the heart and prevent blood from flowing backward toward haldol im the feet. When these valves become damaged by DVT, the blood pools in the leg instead of flowing upwards haldol im toward the heart. This pooling of blood can cause chronic leg swelling and haldol im pain, as well as skin changes and leg sores. This condition is called the post-thrombotic syndrome. The pain from post-thrombotic syndrome often remains even after you have stopped taking haldol im warfarin and/or after a clot has dissolved. Click here to learn more about post-thrombotic syndrome.

An ultrasound scan of the legs – this test is very good for identifying large clots above haldol im the knee in patients who have symptoms, but it may not be that good in identifying small haldol im clots below the knee in patients who have little or haldol im no symptoms.

A venogram – this test is the "gold standard" for confirming a clot inside a vein, but it involves injecting a dye into the veins in haldol im the foot and then taking an x-ray of the veins in the leg to see if haldol im there is a clot present. The dye may cause some discomfort when injected and, in some cases, may even stimulate the blood to clot. Consequently, venograms are usually reserved for clinical studies and/or when the ultrasound result is uncertain.

By far the best approach is to prevent a DVT haldol im before it happens. People who have one or more risk factors for a haldol im DVT should learn about ways to prevent it. You should know your risk for DVT. Click here to get a copy of the DVT coalition’s DVT risk assessment tool. There are few things that anybody can do to help haldol im prevent a DVT including:

People who are hospitalized are at higher risk for developing haldol im a DVT. Surgery, especially surgery that involves a leg joint or hip, dramatically increases the risk of having a DVT. Therefore, at the time of admission to a hospital, a health care practitioner should do a careful DVT risk haldol im assessment. Various methods can be used to keep the risk of haldol im DVT as low as possible. This may include anticoagulant medicines that inhibit the blood’s tendency to clot. Anticoagulant medicines are often referred to as "blood thinners," but they do not actually thin the blood. Rather, they reduce the body’s ability to form a blood clot. In some cases, an intermittent compression device that automatically squeezes the feet and haldol im lower legs is used to increase the blood flow in haldol im the legs.

Although the risk of developing a DVT during long-distance travel is quite low, it is a good idea to exercise the legs at haldol im least once every hour during the trip. Regular exercise at least once every hour means taking regular haldol im breaks if driving or walking the aisle if traveling by haldol im train, bus, or airplane. Travelers who are at risk of developing a DVT may haldol im wish to wear graduated compression stockings. These compression stockings can be purchased in different lengths and haldol im are designed to provide different levels of compression pressure. A patient should consult his/her healthcare provider for advice on which design and pressure haldol im gradient would be best for him or her. Click here to learn more about graduated compression stockings, including information on where to get them.

People who have had a DVT in the past or haldol im have multiple DVT risk factors should seek medical advice before haldol im traveling long-distance. Some doctors recommend taking a dose of aspirin or anticoagulant haldol im medicine before traveling. But this approach is not suitable for everyone, and there are potential side-effects.

The most common treatment for a DVT is anticoagulant medicines. Anticoagulants such as heparin or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) are initially given in an arm vein or injected just haldol im under the skin for several days. Common brand names of these drugs include lovenox, innohep, fragmin, and arixtra. The purpose of these anticoagulant medicines is to turn off haldol im the clotting system in the body.

After a few days, most patients begin taking warfarin (brand name coumadin) tablets by mouth. The heparin or low molecular weight heparin is continued with haldol im the warfarin for at least 5 days. The heparin or low molecular weight heparin should not be haldol im stopped until the patient’s INR is in range and stable. The INR is the test used to measure the effectiveness haldol im of warfarin. Anticoagulation drugs require regular blood tests (the PT-INR test) to check if too little or too much of the haldol im drug is being taken. Click here to learn more about the INR.

Warfarin works differently than heparin and low molecular weight heparin. Whereas heparin/LMWH work to turn off the clotting system, warfarin works to keep the clotting system from becoming activated haldol im once it has been turned off. The length of time that a patient will need to haldol im take warfarin depends on what caused the blood clot and haldol im if the patient has had blood clots in the past. If it’s the patient’s first blood clot and it was provoked by a haldol im temporary cause, such as trauma or surgery, then 3 months of anticoagulation may be enough. If the clot was unprovoked or caused by a chronic haldol im condition, the usual recommendation is to treat with anticoagulation for at haldol im least 6 to 12 months. If the patient has had two or more unprovoked recurrent haldol im clots or if there is a biochemical condition that increases haldol im the risk of clot formation, then warfarin may be continued life-long. There are some clinicians who favor life-long anticoagulation after a single unprovoked DVT or PE.

Anticoagulants can’t dissolve clots, but they can stop new blood clots from forming and haldol im existing ones from growing. The body will often dissolve the clot over time. Click here to learn more about the possibility of a haldol im clot remaining in your body indefinitely.

Clot "busting" drugs called thrombolytics are sometimes used to dissolve a DVT. These medicines must be used soon after the clot develops haldol im and can cause very serious bleeding problems, so they are only used in severe cases where life haldol im or limb is threatened.

To reduce the swelling caused by dvts and to prevent haldol im post-thrombotic syndrome, some doctors recommend wearing graduated compression stockings. These stockings should be worn throughout the day, can be purchased in different lengths, and are designed to provide different levels of compression pressure. A patient should consult his/her healthcare provider for advice on which design and pressure haldol im gradient would be best for him or her. Click here to learn more about graduated compression stockings.

The coalition to prevent DVT serves "to reduce the immediate and long-term dangers of deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), which together comprise one of the nation’s leading causes of death. The coalition will educate the public, healthcare professionals and policy-makers about risk factors, symptoms and signs associated with DVT, as well as identify evidence-based measures to prevent morbidity and mortality from DVT and haldol im PE." (mission statement as it appears on www.Preventdvt.Org)